Chlamydia is a very common STI (Sexually transmitted disease) which affects 90 percent of sexually active women, it also affects 70 percent of men. It is Caused by Bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis. And Incubation period is of 2-6 weeks. Initially there are no symptoms present.
Spread of infection or transmission
Chlamydia spreads through unprotected anal, vaginal and oral sex, it spreads through vaginal fluid of women and seminal fluid of men. Even genital contact without any intercourse can cause this infection. It can also pass on to a newborn from an infected mother during vaginal delivery.
Both men and women experience symptoms of Chlamydia.
- Metrorrhagia that is bleeding in between the periods.
- Vaginal discharge with unpleasant odor.
- Dysmenorrhoea which is a painful menstruation.
- Painful coitus (sexual intercourse).
- Painful urination.
- Vaginal itching.
- In chronic cases Chlamydia may affect the fallopian tubes it causes PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) which is a serious health condition and needs immediate treatment.
- Pain is felt while urinating.
- Itching at the head of penis.
- Discharge from penis.
- Pain and swelling around testicles.
- In the long run if not treated, Chlamydia may result in sterility, inflammation of the prostate.
Conjunctivitis like symptom is also a characteristic of Chlamydia as a result of unprotected oral sex.
It may cause a sore throat.
In the rectum it causes rectal inflammation and discharge.
How can you prevent Chlamydia
As rightly said ‘Prevention is better than cure’ some measures can be taken to prevent and protect yourself against this infection:-
- The best way is having no sex at all, which is hard to follow so use condoms even if it is anal sex or oral sex.
- Say a big no to multiple sex partners, having multiple partners increases your risk of getting this and many other sexually transmitted diseases and infections.
- Do not share sex toys.