Anxiety: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Anxiety is normally your reaction to stress. It basically alerts you for the situation and helps us prepare for the situation. Any abnormal reaction to stress that includes fear, anticipation, terror is Anxiety Disorder.

Anxiety disorder is different from your normal feeling of Anxiety, this disorder involves repeated events of intense fear, intense Anxiety and terror which reaches peak within minutes and is then termed as Panic attack.

Types of Anxiety

Anxiety is broadly classified under 4 categories that  are as follow:-

  1. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD):- Obsessive  Compulsive  Disorder is a recurrent repetitive behavior like cleaning, washing, checking and counting to overcome unwanted thoughts if these tasks of cleaning, washing, etc are done they provide some temporary relief and if these tasks are not done they increase Anxiety.
  2. Panic Disorder:- when there is unexplained and unexpected episode of intense fear along with shortness  of breath, angina, and abdominal discomfort means one is having a Panic Attack.
  3. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD:- This Anxiety develops after any kind of threat or Physical  harm. The traumatic event includes any Disaster be it natural or man made, any physical assault or accidents.
  4. Social Anxiety Disorder:- Uneasiness  or Awkwardness in a group or gathering of people is Social Anxiety Disorder or Social phobia. A person with social phobia has fear in eating, drinking and speaking in front of other people.
  5. Generalized Anxiety Disorder:- unexplained intense stress or fear in absence of any triggering factor.

Causes of Anxiety

The exact cause of Anxiety is unknown, but according to researchers it is a mixture of Genetic and Environmental factors.

Signs and Symptoms

Very common signs and symptoms are as follow:-

  1. Feeling restless
  2. Having difficulty in concentration
  3. Having sleep problems, unrefreshing sleep
  4. Shortness of breath
  5. Sweating
  6. Indigestion, Nausea, Diarrhoea
  7. Palpitations
  8. Urinary urgency


Cognitive behavioral therapy is the most recommended therapy for Anxiety issues and more preferred if done through internet than in person.


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