Rosacea: Types, Causes and Symptoms

What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that results in redness(looks as if you are blushing), small red bumps(mistaken for acne) and visible blood vessels. It is common in middle aged, fair skin women.

What are the various type of rosacea?


Rosacea is classified into 4 types which are as follows:-

  1. Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is associated with facial redness and dilated blood vessels.

  2. Phymatous rosacea causes thickening of the skin giving it a uneven texture and bulbous appearance. Thickening of skin around the nose is known as rhinophyma.

  3. Papulopustular rosacea has facial redness, visible blood vessels and red bumps over the skin which are mistaken for acne.

  4. Ocular rosacea shows symptoms associated with eyes such as redness, swollen eyelids and gritty sensation in the eyes.

What causes rosacea?

It’s exact cause is not known but some lifestyle, environmental and genetic conditions are known to cause rosacea.

  • Alcohol beverages.

  • Temperature extremes

  • Emotions.

  • Exercise.

  • Genes(family history).

  • H. pylori bacteria:- is bacteria of the gut that stimulates production of bradykinin that dilates the blood vessels and causes redness.

Demodex folliculorum:- a mite that lives on human skin is found in large numbers in people with rosacea so thought to be a causative factor for rosacea.

What are the signs and symptoms of rosacea?

The symptoms vary from person to person and are as follows:-

  1. Facial redness.

  2. Dilated blood vessels.

  3. Stinging and tingling sensation of the skin.

  4. Small red bumps over the skin.

  5. Rough and dry patches over the skin.

  6. Rhinophyma:chronic rosacea causes thickening of skin around the nose giving it a bulbous appearance. It is rare and only seen in males.

  7. Gritty sensation in the eyes there may also be blepharitis.


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